Average TIMSS score. Differences in the desire to obtain higher education. Source: compiled by the author based on data from the 2st wave of TrEC and TIMSS. Note: the distribution of the average TIMSS result in mathematics and natural sciences according to the desire to obtain higher education after graduation from school/SVE/PVE. SVE – secondary vocational education, PVE – primary vocational education.

  Part of: Soboleva E (2023) Differences in aspirations and educational trajectories of Russian schoolchildren. Population and Economics 7(4): 39-67. https://doi.org/10.3897/popecon.7.e90191