A REVIEW OF STUDIES ON THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TELEMEDICINE TECHNOLOGIES
Population and Economics 2(2): 41-77, doi: 10.3897/popecon.2.e36047
A REVIEW OF STUDIES ON THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TELEMEDICINE TECHNOLOGIES
expand article infoA. Maslov
‡ Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia
Open Access
Abstract
The article presents the results of a review of Russian and foreign literature on telemedicine. With the entry into force of the law on telemedicine in Russia, the spread of technologies for remote medical consultations has been accelerated, while the question of the economic effectiveness of relevant technologies in Russian conditions remains unresolved. In this paper, 27 studies on the telemedicine economy (20 cost-benefit studies and 7 cost-utility studies) and 4 studies on the barriers to the introduction of telemedicine in practice, are analyzed. In most cases, telemedicine can reduce healthcare costs. In those cases when telemedicine is economically inefficient, but its use improves the quality of medical services, the decision to use telemedicine should be taken depending on how much society values the added years of life and the saved years of quality life.
Keywords
telemedicine; economic effectiveness; telemedicine barriers; cost-benefit analysis; costutility analysis