Impact of the demographic dividend on economic growth
Population and Economics 2(4): 85-135, doi: 10.3897/popecon.2.e36061
Impact of the demographic dividend on economic growth
expand article infoZarina Kazbekova
‡ The Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia
Open Access
Abstract
In the context of the working-age population decline in the Russian Federation, the study of the influence of the dynamics of the share of the working -age population on economic growth is of particular interest. The main purpose of the article is to assess the contribution of the first demographic dividend to the GDP per capita growth rate in Russia betwеen 1997 and 2015. The main methods used by the author of this work are statistical analysis and econometric modeling based on Rosstat data. According to the results obtained in the course of this study, the first demographic dividend provided about 13% growth of real GDP per capita in the Russian Federation in 1997-2015. It has been proved that the age structure of the population is important.
Keywords
demographic dividend;age and sex structure of population;economic development;GDP per capita growth